For better lifestyles and lower costs, firms locate outside Tokyo

For better lifestyles and lower costs, firms locate outside Tokyo Kanagawa has one of the most proactive and successful departments charged with attracting foreign firms.

KOBE —

It may have the bright lights, skyscrapers and 24-hour energy that accompanies a capital city, but Tokyo doesn’t have it all. It doesn’t have many green spaces and, critics would also argue, it has more than enough pollution and crowding on public transport, while the urban heat island phenomenon in the summer means you could fry an egg on the pavement.

And those are just some of the reasons that non-Japanese firms — particularly smaller ones — are increasingly considering not basing their Japanese operations in Tokyo but, instead, in one of the more-than-welcoming communities a little further afield.

Their staff might not see the Tokyo Skytree on their daily commute, but the proximity of mountains or the sea means a better quality of life and happy employees — usually translating into a more productive and profitable firm.

The Japan External Trade Organization (JETRO) is the government agency tasked with encouraging foreign firms to establish offices and manufacturing facilities in Japan.

They also work closely with local authorities to promote to these firms the attractiveness of potential sites, from Hokkaido in the north to Okinawa in the south.

An entire wall of JETRO’s lobby is covered with colorful pamphlets declaring “Fascinating Kanagawa: Best place for your business”, or “Saitama City: Business hub in the new era”, or the more prosaic “Industry of Ehime”. Clearly, prefectures are not shy about seeking foreign business.

JETRO operates what it calls the “Three Windows on Japan” strategy, emphasising the three areas in which Japan has advantages over its international rivals. Thus, it claims that “Japan has great potential to become a regional hub and a research and development center in Asia, as exchanges of personnel, goods and money accelerate within Asia”.

Second, it believes Japan plays a critical role as a “bridge nation connecting Asia and the world”, thereby contributing to the growth of the region.

Third, JETRO is quick to explain that Japan, as the world’s third-largest economy, is a vast market with huge potential for growth, adding that “Japanese consumers are sensitive to fashion and make new fashion a part of their lives quickly. Therefore, Japan offers [firms the opportunity] for test marketing before entering Asian markets”.

At the prefectural level, Kanagawa has one of the most proactive and successful departments charged with attracting foreign firms, and clearly benefits from its proximity to Tokyo.

Akira Imai, a spokesman for the prefecture’s Division of Industrial Location, said: “We are doing a lot of activities to attract foreign firms to Kanagawa, often in cooperation with the city of Yokohama and the local branch of JETRO”.

In 2010 — according to Toyo Keizai, Inc., which annually produces a comprehensive list of foreign firms operating in Japan — Kanagawa Prefecture played host to the offices of 418 foreign firms, including 275 that sited their Japan headquarters there, and a number of global outfits, such as U.S. computer giant Dell, as well as India’s Wipro IT Business and Tata Consultancy Services Limited.

British firms based in Kanagawa include Colortrac, the Cambridge-based scanner manufacturer, and technology-testing firm Polar Instruments, originally from Waterlooville in Hampshire.

The main advantages of locating in the prefecture, according to Imai, include an excellent transport system that combines shipping and port facilities, access to Haneda International Airport, local train services and long-distance bullet trains. Office rents in Kanagawa are typically only 70% of those in Tokyo and, as of this writing, are the equivalent of £25.14 per m2 on average. This makes renting office space in Kanagawa cheaper than in Beijing, Seoul, Mumbai or even Hanoi.

Kanagawa has a large pool of educated and trained potential employees, Imai pointed out, while newcomers can benefit from the cluster of firms in a number of key sectors, such as the automotive, biotechnology, electronics, energy and environment-related industries.

The final asset in Kanagawa’s favor, according to Imai, is the all-round comfortable living environment of the prefecture. This is crucial when expatriate staff have to consider international schools and other needs of families from abroad.

However, Imai admitted that, since the events of March 11 last year, many foreign firms have been cautious about their operations in Japan—something that has been brought up by trade investment officials from Fukushima Prefecture, Hokkaido and other parts of northern Japan.

But bad news for eastern Japan is good news for other parts of the country.

Through its Osaka Investment Support Program, the largest city in Kansai helps firms prepare to do business there. Rent-free, temporary offices are provided during the initial stages, in addition to a wide range of financial incentives, including help with rent, assistance in buying city-owned land, and funds for establishing manufacturing facilities.

Osaka, which is courting technology firms, is recognised as a center of the new-energy business that produces items such as lithium-ion batteries and solar panels.

To satisfy the demand for space, the city is reclaiming part of Osaka Bay, and the man-made Yumeshima Island has been set aside specifically for industrial use.

Some of the firms taking advantage of Osaka’s offerings include Britain’s Hays plc, a specialist recruitment firm established in 2007, as well as France’s Société Générale Private Banking Japan and VDE Global Services GmbH of Germany.

JETRO accepts that entering the Japanese market presents foreign firms with some obstacles. A recent study suggests high costs are the major barrier, followed by high demand for quality, problems finding bilingual employees, regulations and a conservative market.

These impediments can be overcome, however, by differentiating a product, making a clear commitment to the market, hiring experienced local staff, as well as building trust and understanding with Japanese partners.

Despite the fears of foreign firms, the Investment Promotion Division of the Chiba prefectural government has a solid history of attracting newcomers.

“Chiba is an affordable location, compared with Tokyo; it is easy to access from overseas, thanks to Narita International Airport and the Port of Chiba [the largest seaport in Japan]; and it has a comfortable living environment”, Hiroshi Nakamura told BCCJ ACUMEN.

In the first half of 2012, Chiba Prefecture saw five foreign firms launch their operations, including the headquarters set up by Australian budget airline Jetstar Japan Co., Ltd.

Although last year’s figures were seriously affected by the Great East Japan Earthquake, 10 firms started up in the prefecture, including the parts operations of Mercedes-Benz Japan. The best performance in recent years, according to Nakamura, was the arrival of 24 firms in 2009.

“In addition to subsidies, we provide a wide range of services, such as information on offices, land and factory facilities, as well as introductions to professionals who can provide advice on legal, tax and other issues”, he said. “We can also help with support related to working visas, other immigration-related issues and information on living in Chiba”.

UK Trade & Investment (UKTI), the business arm of British embassies worldwide, provides UK-based firms expanding abroad with expert advice and practical support that includes help participating in trade fairs and outward missions, advice on regulations, and bespoke market intelligence. A downloadable UKTI guide targets firms experienced in overseas trade that are new to doing business with Japan, and offers basic knowledge about the country including an overview of its economy, business culture, potential opportunities—and successful case studies.

Another highly recommended first stop for a foreign firm entering Japan or for those looking to expand here is the Japan Market Expansion Competition (JMEC). For a fraction of the price that a consultancy charges, since 1993 JMEC has provided professional, custom-made business plans to more than 100 project clients—including multinational corporations, entrepreneurs, start-ups and SMEs — to help them enter the market or to launch new products or services in Japan.

Supported by 16 foreign chambers of commerce, as well as established entrepreneurs and corporations all in Japan, JMEC’s annual business plan service is based on a competition that lasts seven months. JMEC recruits high-potential entrepreneurs and executives through a tough screening process of interviews and presentations. The participants are put into teams and over the next few months are lectured, mentored and critiqued by experienced Japan-based businesspeople before their business plan is judged by a panel of JMEC experts. The confidential business plans can then be used by the project clients to carry out their market entry or expansion.

  • -1

    TheXyco

    All this is well and good -- but useless when no one possess enough linguistic skill to interact with investors. Why would any company struggle to find or train Japanese-capable staff to build a regional hub when they could just as easily open a branch in Singapore where the staff have multilingual and geographic access to China, Southeast Asia, AND the English-speaking world?

    With only a few exceptions, the only foreseeable reason any multinational would establish a foothold in Japan would be to tap the domestic market -- which could be an exceptional profitable -yet- lengthy and costly venture given the hyper-sensitive and cautious nature of the Japanese market.

  • -4

    Kundong

    The sad reality is that no one wants to invest in Japan, foreigner or local. What a stupid waste of tax-payer's money.

  • -5

    ramses68

    "Second, it believes Japan plays a critical role as a "bridge nation connecting Asia and the world", thereby contributing to the growth of the region."

    Japan may believe it. The rest of the world... Not so much. They're still arguing with China, S. Korea, and Russia over islands. So sad that they seem to be lost in their "fairy tale".

  • 4

    Synbios

    I never understood why so many new companies, specially the ones that specializes in IT, social media, etc. keep establishing their business in Tokyo when you can basically send almost any kind of data or contact anybody via internet.

    Tokyo is crowded enough as it is and its prices are higher than in other prefectures, not to mention the pollution and many other things that are also mentioned in this article.

    If you MUST have a contact in Tokyo to approach other business or to do your finances or whatever, just establishing a small department in the capital for that and keeping your main resources in some other cheaper and less stressful city might not only save you a lot of money, but might also improve the motivation of your employees. Not to mention that if you manage to stand out in your business that way you might get good publicity as the "pioneer of the city of (insert small city name here)".

  • 7

    zichi

    We have lived in Kobe for 10 years, and before that the Japan Alps for 8 years, and before that Tokyo.

    We love living in Kobe and wouldn't live anywhere else while we live in Japan. Compared with Tokyo, low rental costs. Our 15 room rental house costs less than a one room apartment.

    Low cost public transport. Easy access to the mountains and sea and other major centers like Osaka are only about 30 minutes by a fast cheap train. Tokyo is only about one hour by plane. You can fly there and back in the same day.

    The Kansai people are very easy to live with. There's less pollution and more green open space. The city was rebuilt after the 1995 earthquake so many nice streets and new areas. The Internet speeds are fast and never drop because of too many users.

    There are many foreign firms already here.

    Kobe is a great place for foreigners to live.

  • -1

    JeffLee

    There's less pollution and more green open space (in Kansai).

    When I lived in suburban Osaka, I needed to scrape black soot from my window screens once a month. There was no green open space, just hardcore industrial factories and shantytown residential areas all blended together in a single gray depressing sprawl.

    Japan does have potential, with its seasonal climate and diverse nature. Gumma, say, would be a good location. However, Japan's officials and institutions are the ones who prevent anything positive from happening.

  • 1

    zichi

    There's no need to live in Osaka even if you work there when there are many good places within a 30 minute train ride.

  • 2

    JapanGal

    Kanagawa is my choice with the beaches nearby for surfing. I would not put a business any place else.

  • -1

    tmarie

    All fine and well for those without families but for those relocating with families, the lack of education choice for the kids is an issue. Japan needs to come to terms with bilingual schools as many international schools are far too expensive and far for people living in the cities suggested. They'll also need to deal with JSL training for those families members that come over - the once a week at 1:00 classes that city halls here offer are not enough incentive.

    Personally speaking, I have no idea why so many companies base themselves in Tokyo with the rent, lack of space and earthquake warning...

  • 0

    Tom Thompson

    they ain't got no roppongi for after work drinks! LOL

  • 0

    motytrah

    I agree with companies locating in Singapore, though the costs have dramatically gone up with the value of the dollar against the SGD.

    I've always been partial to Kyoto in terms of space and atmosphere. I've never had reason to do business there however. A lot of companies still think they need a "prestige" address close to the Imperial Palace.

  • 1

    sfjp330

    Increasing the location gives flexibility to run businesses from anywhere in Japan or overseas is a smart goal. In comparison to Tokyo, the smaller cities in Japan, the salaries and business rental properties are usually less. Most of the companies are concerned with the higher cost and with the decreasing revenue, this might be the option that they are looking for to reduce fixed cost. Before computers and smartphones, customers wanted only deal with you personally, and businesses were concerned that you’ll lose them if someone else deals with them more often directly. Now, you can still meet them, but not as often by the use of the technology for communication, you have a flexability to stay on top of customer needs.

  • -1

    Scrote

    The article talks about relocation from Tokyo, but focuses on Saitama, Kanagawa and Chiba. Much of these areas are just suburbs of Tokyo. Life is a bit cheaper, but it's mostly ugly, urban sprawl without the activities and amenities of Tokyo. The only other alternative suggested is Osaka, which always strikes me as a grotty dump.

    Surely there are nicer places than these to relocate?

  • 0

    tmarie

    Three thumbs down for pointing out concerns people have when relocating?!

  • 1

    ObviousDemon

    Who's gonna teach your expats Japenese, so that they can 'bridge' with their Chinese desired marketplace???

    That even felt stupid as I typed it.....

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