Memorial ceremony marks fall of Singapore to Japanese troops

British High Commissioner Scott Wightman, second from right, Japanese Ambassador Kenji Shinoda, third from right, Australian High Commissioner Bruce Charles Gosper, fourth from right, and Indian High Commissioner Jawed Ashraf, right, hold their wreaths during a ceremony to commemorate the 75th anniversary of the fall of Singapore at the Kranji War Cemetery on Wednesday, Feb. 15, 2017, in Singapore. (AP Photo/David Loh)


It was 75 years ago that Singapore, the island at the tip of the Malay Peninsula that had been key strategic outpost of Britain’s colonial empire, fell to invading Japanese troops. The events live on in history books more than in memories. But for Margaret Menz, the passage of years has not dulled the pain.

Menz, 84, was among hundreds of people who attended a commemoration Wednesday at Singapore’s Kranji War Cemetery. World War II veterans, family members and officials said prayers, observed a period of silence and laid wreaths in memory of lives lost. As a sign of respect, Japanese Ambassador Kenji Shinoda laid a wreath. Students from a local Japanese school contributed paper cranes.

The cemetery hosts more than 4,400 white gravestones marking the final resting places of soldiers from countries such as Britain, Australia and New Zealand who died for a hopeless cause, led by overconfident commanders fighting an overwhelming invading force.

Among the stones lies Menz’s brother, James Francis McGrath. The Australian signalman died after being hit by Japanese shrapnel.

“Heartbreaking and so sad,” Menz said. “What was it all for? It should have never happened.”

Singapore’s days as a British colony were numbered when Japanese troops started to move swiftly down the Malay Peninsula in early 1942. The British greatly underestimated the fighting prowess of their enemy, and Japanese forces controlled the air and surrounding seas as well.

It was on Feb. 15, 1942, after a week of fierce, last-ditch fighting, that British Lt.-Gen. Arthur Ernest Percival surrendered Singapore and hostilities ceased. The occupation would prove to be a rough one, causing hardship and suffering for Singaporeans and prisoners of war alike.

About 15,000 Australian prisoners of war from the 8th Division, captured in the sweep down the peninsula, “endured some incredible brutality during that time,” Vice Adm. Ray Griggs, vice chief of Australia’s Defense Force, said Wednesday.

Many attendees at the ceremony were Australians who made a special trip to pay respects to family members.

“It’s still very emotional for me,” said Barry Cawley, 84, who lost his brother.

“The last thing he did before he went off to go to Singapore ... he came to me at my school, I was in about Grade 1, and gave me a hug. That was the last time I saw him,” he said.

Wayne Joseph, 65, attended the ceremony with eight medals for honorable service pinned to his chest. They belonged to his father, a former prisoner of war who survived building the “Death Railway.” The project, begun by the Japanese to link Thailand with Burma — now called Myanmar — was immortalized in the novel and 1957 feature film “The Bridge on the River Kwai.”

The endeavor in western Thailand’s sweltering, malaria-infested jungles cost the lives of more than 100,000 Allied prisoners and Asians enslaved by Japan’s Imperial Army.

“It has been a long time. But people shouldn’t forget what they went through to give us the freedom that we’ve got today. They died for a cause,” Joseph said.

New Zealand High Commissioner Jonathan Austin related the costly struggle of 75 years ago to contemporary challenges.

“I think we live in a very uncertain world. Events that we see in the news every day remind us of that, whether it’s challenges to our natural resources or terrorism,” he said. “It’s going to be important that none of us forget the sacrifices that our servicemen and women have made in the past so that we can all enjoy the freedom and prosperity that we have today.”

Copyright 2017 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.

  • 5


    “Heartbreaking and so sad,” Menz said. “What was it all for? It should have never happened.”

    Simply and well said... Lest we Forget

  • 1


    soldiers from countries such as Britain, Australia and New Zealand who died for a hopeless cause, led by overconfident commanders fighting an overwhelming invading force.

    In terms of manpower, the Allies had far more men defending than the Japanese

  • 1

  • 2


    Lt.-Gen. Arthur Ernest Percival made some very poor and misinformed decisions in not utilising his engineers to better fortify likely places of invasion and not reinforcing areas under strong attack. Though he did have an overwhelming amount of troops he lacked the aircraft, armour and artillery the Japanese had. Any number of soldiers are no match to tanks and aircraft.

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    Brian Wheway

    Some of us will go to work today, and we will have a "bad day in the office" the computer freezes, the vending machine takes your money without dispensing said item, you spill coffee on a work document, please take time just to think about these guys 75 years ago and the abysmal conditions that they all went through, and some paid the ultimate price, I am sure this will put your like into context, life is not to bad after all.

  • -1


    In Japan that was known as liberation day! Even today still many people believes this

  • 0

    I am a Singaporean living in Japan and I sincerely think that all Japanese should study more abt their past. I still see ijime even among Japanese & Japanese , why have they not learnt anything ???. Could it be like a mean sickness in their DNA ???.ijime means being horrible to another human being. Only thinking of themselves in the most selfish way. But not everybody , among my friends , 90% of them are really kind and nice.

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