Why Google chief's N Korea visit irks U.S.


Google chief Eric Schmidt’s plan to visit North Korea has put the Obama administration in the awkward position of opposing a champion of Internet freedom engaging with one of the most intensely censored countries.

But the Obama administration is wary for a reason: It fears Schmidt’s trip could give a boost to North Korea’s young leader, Kim Jong Un, just when Washington is trying to pressure him.

North Korea in December launched a long-range rocket in violation of U.N. Security Council resolutions, and the U.S. and its allies are seeking tighter sanctions. That’s proving difficult because of resistance from permanent council member China, which likely fears its troublesome ally could respond to punishment by conducting a nuclear test.

U.S. officials are also concerned that the high-profile visit could confuse partners in Asia and suggest a shift in U.S. policy as the administration prepares to install a new secretary of state to succeed Hillary Rodham Clinton. The nominee is Sen John Kerry, the Democratic presidential candidate in 2004.

An imminent change of government in South Korea is already raising questions about whether Washington and close ally Seoul can remain in lockstep in their dealings with Pyongyang. Newly elected leader Park Geun-hye is expected to seek a more conciliatory approach toward rival North Korea after she takes up the presidency in February.

This helps to explain why the State Department, which has been a vigorous advocate of social media freedoms around the world, particularly last year during the Arab Spring, made clear it was displeased by the planned “private, humanitarian” visit by Schmidt and former New Mexico Gov Bill Richardson, expected this month.

“We don’t think the timing of the visit is helpful and they are well aware of our views,” State Department spokeswoman Victoria Nuland told a news briefing last Thursday.

Richardson, a seasoned envoy and a former U.S. ambassador to the United Nations, said Friday that the State Department should not be nervous. In interviews with CBS and CNN, Richardson said they had been planning to visit in December but postponed the trip at the department’s request because of the presidential election that month in South Korea.

Richardson said he would raise with North Korea the matter of an American detained there last month on suspicion of committing unspecified “hostile” acts against the state that could draw a sentence of 10 years of hard labor. He’ll also try to meet with the detainee, he said.

He also said he was concerned about North Korea’s nuclear proliferation and this was a “very important juncture” to talk and try to move the North Koreans in the “right direction.”

Schmidt, Richardson said, was traveling as a private citizen. But the trip raises questions about whether Google has plans for North Korea.

Schmidt, the company’s executive chairman, is a staunch advocate of global Internet access and the power of connectivity in lifting people out of poverty and political oppression, and there are few countries where the obstacles are as stark. North Koreans need government permission to interact with foreigners — in person, by phone or by email — and only a tiny portion of the elite class is connected to the Internet.

U.S. law restricts American companies’ dealings with North Korea, which is subject to tough sanctions because of its nuclear and missile programs. Imports of North Korean goods are prohibited, but travel to North Korea, exports of U.S. goods and investment in the country are allowed, subject to some restrictions, such as on exports of luxury goods.

Richardson himself has been to North Korea at least a half-dozen times since 1994, including two trips to negotiate the release of detained Americans. His last visit to Pyongyang was in 2010.

The present detainee, Kenneth Bae, is the fifth American held in North Korea in the past four years — including two U.S. journalists who were freed in 2009 after former President Bill Clinton traveled to Pyongyang and met with then-leader Kim Jong Il. Richardson said it was doubtful he and Schmidt would meet with Kim Jong Un, but he expected to talk with officials from the foreign affairs and economic ministries and the military.

North Korea could show good will by freeing Bae, but detainees risk becoming bargaining chips for Pyongyang in its tumultuous relationship with Washington, which retains nearly 30,000 troops in South Korea, a legacy of the 1950-53 Korean War, which ended with a truce, not a peace treaty.

Kim Jong Un’s elevation to leadership after his father’s death a year ago offered some hope of better relations. But after agreeing in late February to an offer of U.S. food aid in exchange for nuclear concessions, North Korea derailed the deal weeks later when it attempted to launch a satellite atop a rocket that the U.S. believes was a test of ballistic missile capabilities.

Relations were set back further by the latest launch, this time successful, which the North again insisted was for a purely peaceful space program.

In the past year, Kim has made at least stylistic changes that hint at more openness, leading some commentators to call for a fresh outreach by U.S. diplomats. That’s something that the nominee for secretary of state, Kerry, might support. But there’s still little sign of substantive reform in Pyongyang.

Copyright 2013 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.

Author Infomation

Matthew Pennington
Matthew Pennington
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    It is against the law to travel to certain countries without permission from the US State Department. Like the case of former chess champion Bobby Fisher, who ended in the wrong side of the law.

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    ON another note, the North and South will suddenly announce improved relations followed by reunification talks. Do not be fooled by it because a lot of things will happen so that the World will think of "Peace at last", which will never happen under World governments.

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    He also said he was concerned about North Korea’s nuclear proliferation and this was a “very important juncture” to talk and try to move the North Koreans in the “right direction.”

    Richardson has no standing to talk to a foreign country about their policies. He is no longer the U.S. Ambassador to the U.N. and no longer even an elected official in the state of New Mexico. I wouldn't be surprised if N.K. (rightfully) refuses to meet with him. As for the Google weenie... grandstanding while leaving some business cards.

    Is it any wonder the State Department is concerned?

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    "a champion of Internet freedom"

    ... wait, they're not talking about Google are they??!! Bwahahahahahahahahahahahahahaha!!!

    That's just ridiculous. Google has been censoring search results for providers of "illegal content" (as determined by them) while boosting the search results for its interests ... like youtube, the number one source of illegal content on the internet. Google (and anyone associated with them) is "a champion of Internet freedom" in the same way that Lenin was a model for sanity and restraint.

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